Here’s a link to an interesting article about recent archaeological research in the village that housed the pyramid builders. It focuses on the evidence for large settled herds that generated food and served as a food source.
Why is it on Paleobabble?
Well, it’s sort of odd that this sort of thing would be needed at the Giza pyramid complex if the ancient Egyptians used the advance alien technology of levitation. We *know* it couldn’t be human. So, if they had levitation, one would think the pyramid would take very little time. Maybe a week with all those stones floating around — no need to drag them. Oh, and the lasers to cut them like butter. The pyramid would be a short-term project. Hmmm.
Or maybe it wasn’t aliens with technology advanced far beyond our own.
PaleoBabble readers have likely heard about Dr. Robert Schoch’s theory of water erosion and the Sphinx. It’s been used by alternative researchers to argue for an advanced Egyptian civilization back to 10,500 BC, far earlier than the beginning of dynastic Egypt. Schoch is a geologist, and so his work has garnered serious attention. Dr. Colin Reader is also a geologist, and he isn’t buying what Schoch is selling. I’d invite readers to check out this recent essay by Chris White on the Reader-Schoch debate to get up to speed.
Colin Reader’s views on the Sphinx have been around for some time, as this lengthy 1997/1999 piece posted on Ian Lawton’s website indicates. Reader postulates an early dynastic origin for the monument that we know as the Sphinx (it underwent an evolution in appearance by human hands up to and including the reign of Khafre). This idea pre-dates an Old Kingdom (Khafre) origin, but is nowhere near the chronologically distant past where Schoch has it. He writes (see the Ian Lawton link):
The origins of the Sphinx as an icon are unclear. On the basis of the sequence of development that I propose, I consider that the concept of the man-headed lion was an evolutionary one, originating in the Early Dynastic association of the lion with solar worship and culminating in the Fourth Dynasty association of the Pharaoh with the sun-god – an association made manifest by re-carving the head of the Great Sphinx in the form of the divine king, perhaps during the reign of Khafre.
There’s been a spate of resources that have popped up online in recent days for excellent resources to study the ancient world. Some of these resources have been around a while, but have gotten some recent attention and traffic on various blogs and news sites. Here are some valuable links:
The Center promotes cartography, historical geography, and geographic information science as essential disciplines within the field of ancient studies through innovative and collaborative research, teaching, and community outreach activities.
For the first time, the latest and most exhaustive information available on the Giza Necropolis will be made available to everyone through a realistic experience that can satisfy mere cu- riosity or encourage more demanding research inquiries
The interesting thing is that they seem to have the same diagonal arrangement as the pyramids of Giza. I can hardly wait to see what Graham Hancock and Robert Bauval come up with as to how that would fit in the Orion theory.
Readers should check out this (very) lengthy entry recently posted on the quite useful Em Hotep blog. Readers may recall that Em Hotep has actually produced a series on pyramid construction and architecture that is very readable and worth bookmarking (check out the “Featured Series” on the front page). This post brings us up-to-date with Gantenbrink’s Upuaut pyramid rover.
News of the recent discovery of marks in one of the shafts has been circulating like wildfire on the web (“Graffiti behind Gantenbrink’s Door“). Honestly, it’s not that big of a deal. Very likely mason’s marks. It will be a big deal if they somehow give architects like Jean-Pierre Houdin more evidence for an internal ramp. Unfortunately, no alien droppings found . . . but I guess those would have turned to dust by now. Dang. Here’s the video (kudos again to the KV64 blog).
I was recently alerted (thanks, Jennifer!) that the Fantasy (er…History) Channel is airing a new series (begins 9/8) called “Chasing Mummies.” Naturally, it features everyone’s favorite camera-shy Egyptologist, Zahi Hawass. The most interesting episode may be the second in the series, entitled “Bats.” Here’s the promo:
It’s time for Leslie, the Executive Producer, to do Zahi a favor, and it requires going where few cameras have been before — to the mysterious caves below the Giza Plateau. Zahi is determined to disprove the theories of the so-called “pyramidiots,” who believe that there are secret underground chambers leading to the Sphinx. Little did anyone know that these caves were home to thousands of bats! If that wasn’t enough for Zahi, he’s also agreed to make an appearance at a local wedding celebration and as viewers have learned, Zahi’s likes to celebrate the dead…not the living!
Hmmm. Zahi going underground into the cave system under the Giza Plateau — you know, into the caves that he initially said didn’t exist (after news of their discovery broke; Zahi: “We know everything about the plateau – amateurs cannot find anything new”). Zahi later said these caves (that I guess came into existence after his opinion) didn’t need discovering (I presume because he didn’t discover them). Ya gotta love him.
Andrew Collins has informed me that he has re-uploaded the YouTube video showing the Giza cave discoveries in 2008. It now has new footage, some descriptive text, and a different music soundtrack (Arab Sufi music). Click on the screen below for the video.
Andrew added this note:
If you have not been keeping up with the story, Dr Zahi Hawass has officially denied the existence of Giza’s cave underworld. He remains fixed in this view, even though the footage tells a different story. For those interested in learning more see my new book Beneath the Pyramids: Egypt’s Greatest Secret Uncovered.
We now believe that the caves could mark the course of local faulting, and that radar satellite imagery might show them heading off in the direction of the Second Pyramid, site of the legendary Tomb of Hermes according to various medieval Arab sources.
Andrew Collins posted what follows in my comments section. I want to be sure all the PaleoBabble readers see Andrew’s responses, so I reproduce them here, with a comment of my own.
The recent posting by the Giza Archives Project website of a preliminary plan of the Tomb of the Birds, through which access can be gained to Giza’s previously unrecorded cave system, has only deepened the mystery. The plan, made as part of George Reisner’s Harvard-MFA expedition in 1939, does not even show the full extent of the tomb, never mind the cave system beyond it.
MSH: This is a salient point, and one neglected by the Manuelian post.